How To Create WordPress Widget Plugin

Widget is small block which perform specific function. Widget ussualy put in the sidebar or footer. You can list widgets which are ready in your wordpress from admin area Appearance ┬╗ Widgets section in your WordPress dashboard.

To program widget here is some codes skeletons which you need to know

function your_register_widgets() {
add_action('widgets_init', 'your_register_widgets');

class your_widget_class extends WP_Widget {
	function __construct() {
	function widget($args, $instance) {
	function update($new_instance, $old_instance) {
	function form($instance) {
Plugin Name: ZZ Widgets
Plugin URI:
Description: Sample Widgets Code
Version: 1.0.1
Author: WPAmaNuke
Author URI:

function zz_register_widgets() {
add_action('widgets_init', 'zz_register_widgets');

class zz_widget extends WP_Widget { 
	function __construct() {
			'zz_widget', esc_html_x( 'ZZ Widget' , 'widget name', 'zz-widget' ),
				'classname' => 'zz-widget',
				'description' => esc_html__( 'ZZ Widget Post ' , 'zz-widget' ),
				'customize_selective_refresh' => true
	function widget($args, $instance) {
		$defaults = array('title' => '', 'category' => 0, 'tags' => '', 'postcount' => 5, 'offset' => 0, 'sticky' => 1);
        $instance = wp_parse_args($instance, $defaults);
		$query_args = array();
		$query_args['ignore_sticky_posts'] = $instance['sticky'];
		if (0 !== $instance['category']) {
			$query_args['cat'] = $instance['category'];
		if (!empty($instance['tags'])) {
			$tag_slugs = explode(',', $instance['tags']);
			$tag_slugs = array_map('trim', $tag_slugs);
			$query_args['tag_slug__in'] = $tag_slugs;
		if (!empty($instance['postcount'])) {
			$query_args['posts_per_page'] = $instance['postcount'];
		if (0 !== $instance['offset']) {
			$query_args['offset'] = $instance['offset'];
		$widget_posts = new WP_Query($query_args);
		echo wp_kses_post( $args['before_widget'] );
			if ($widget_posts->have_posts()) :
				$last = $widget_posts->post_count;
				$i = 0;
				if (!empty($instance['title'])) {
					$title = ! empty( $instance['title'] ) ? $instance['title'] : '';
					$title = apply_filters( 'widget_title', $title, $instance, $this->id_base );
					echo wp_kses_post( $args['before_title'] ) . esc_html( $title ) . wp_kses_post( $args['after_title'] );
				echo '<ul class="zz-widget-block">' . "\n";
					while ($widget_posts->have_posts()) : $widget_posts->the_post();
						 echo "<li>
						<a href='";
						echo "'>";
						echo "</a>
				echo '</ul>' . "\n";
		echo wp_kses_post( $args['after_widget'] );
	function update($new_instance, $old_instance) {
        $instance = array();
        if (!empty($new_instance['title'])) {
			$instance['title'] = sanitize_text_field($new_instance['title']);
        if (0 !== absint($new_instance['category'])) {
			$instance['category'] = absint($new_instance['category']);
		if (!empty($new_instance['tags'])) {
			$tag_slugs = explode(',', $new_instance['tags']);
			$tag_slugs = array_map('sanitize_title', $tag_slugs);
			$instance['tags'] = implode(', ', $tag_slugs);
		if (0 !== absint($new_instance['postcount'])) {
			if (absint($new_instance['postcount']) > 50) {
				$instance['postcount'] = 50;
			} else {
				$instance['postcount'] = absint($new_instance['postcount']);
		if (0 !== absint($new_instance['offset'])) {
			if (absint($new_instance['offset']) > 50) {
				$instance['offset'] = 50;
			} else {
				$instance['offset'] = absint($new_instance['offset']);
        return $instance;
    function form($instance) {
        $defaults = array('title' => '', 'category' => 0, 'tags' => '', 'postcount' => 5, 'offset' => 0, 'sticky' => 1);
        $instance = wp_parse_args($instance, $defaults); ?>
        	<label for="<?php echo esc_attr($this->get_field_id('title')); ?>"><?php esc_html_e('Title:', 'zz-widget'); ?></label>
			<input class="widefat" type="text" value="<?php echo esc_attr($instance['title']); ?>" name="<?php echo esc_attr($this->get_field_name('title')); ?>" id="<?php echo esc_attr($this->get_field_id('title')); ?>" />
            <label for="<?php echo esc_attr($this->get_field_id('category')); ?>"><?php esc_html_e('Select a Category:', 'zz-widget'); ?></label>
            <select id="<?php echo esc_attr($this->get_field_id('category')); ?>" class="widefat" name="<?php echo esc_attr($this->get_field_name('category')); ?>">
            	<option value="0" <?php selected(0, $instance['category']); ?>><?php esc_html_e('All', 'zz-widget'); ?></option><?php
            		$categories = get_categories();
            		foreach ($categories as $cat) { ?>
            			<option value="<?php echo absint($cat->cat_ID); ?>" <?php selected($cat->cat_ID, $instance['category']); ?>><?php echo esc_html($cat->cat_name) . ' (' . absint($cat->category_count) . ')'; ?></option><?php
            		} ?>
            <small><?php esc_html_e('Select a category to display posts from.', 'zz-widget'); ?></small>
        	<label for="<?php echo esc_attr($this->get_field_id('tags')); ?>"><?php esc_html_e('Filter Posts by Tags (e.g. lifestyle):', 'zz-widget'); ?></label>
			<input class="widefat" type="text" value="<?php echo esc_attr($instance['tags']); ?>" name="<?php echo esc_attr($this->get_field_name('tags')); ?>" id="<?php echo esc_attr($this->get_field_id('tags')); ?>" />
        	<label for="<?php echo esc_attr($this->get_field_id('postcount')); ?>"><?php esc_html_e('Post Count (max. 50):', 'zz-widget'); ?></label>
			<input class="widefat" type="text" value="<?php echo absint($instance['postcount']); ?>" name="<?php echo esc_attr($this->get_field_name('postcount')); ?>" id="<?php echo esc_attr($this->get_field_id('postcount')); ?>" />
        	<label for="<?php echo esc_attr($this->get_field_id('offset')); ?>"><?php esc_html_e('Skip Posts (max. 50):', 'zz-widget'); ?></label>
			<input class="widefat" type="text" value="<?php echo absint($instance['offset']); ?>" name="<?php echo esc_attr($this->get_field_name('offset')); ?>" id="<?php echo esc_attr($this->get_field_id('offset')); ?>" />

Showcase Theme Preview Reloaded

For some days i am looking for showcase theme preview plugin in for showing my future themes Finally i found WordPress Theme Showcase Plugin in , but it was 8 years old and not updated. So i just modify it a little to meet my needs. The plugin is simple and just like my expectation so i add javascript to make it work in post , page and category.

Beside using shortcode  [theme_showcase] , you can use Theme Preview widget on sidebar / footer to choose theme preview which you want

I upload it to so it’s usefull for anybody and can be modified as they need. This plugin is usefull for wordpress theme developer showcase their simple themes.

You can see the demo here :


Flat CMS

Flat CMS is CMS which doesn’t use database. So the file is saved as text file. Here is some Flat CMS based on PHP which i have found which support MarkDown Format :

  • Grav : It is modern flat file CMS which is good , I just explore this a little . I’m still searching how to do pagination. And the file is big about >4 MB without admin and 15 MB for admin (in zip file) . So it’s not suitable for my web hosting
  • PicoCMS : another flat CMS. It’s good but not found yet about pagination yet for many text files
  • HTMLy : I think it’s the most suitable for my website. It support pagination and easy to make theme. It has twentyeleven wordpress theme too. Only one problem about handling $date_format not initialize. So i just add $date_format = “%d %M %Y”; if there is error in the code.

So if you want to use Flat CMS in PHP. My suggestion is using HTMLy

Sony Camera

I have ever used sony camera and nikon camera. Based on my experience nikon camera is the best.
Here is the sony camera specification.
The performance of a DSLR, in about half the size and weight. The NEX-5N is the interchangeable lens camera that fits in your pocket. Enjoy Full HD 1080/60p or 24p movies, astounding low-light pictures, continuous shooting up to 10 fps, incredible panorama shots, and 3.0-inch tiltable Live View touch screen LCD.
This is the world’s smallest interchangeable lens digital still camera using a large APS-C size sensor (as of Aug 2011). The removal of the conventional mirror box and viewfinder results in a camera body that is about half the size and weight of a standard DSLR camera.
Up to 10 fps shooting
Capture the decisive moment in sports and get the ideal baby photo. Up to 10 fps continuous shooting at full 16.1 MP resolution. Standard continuous shooting speeds vary based upon shooting conditions and memory card speeds.